Coins and Medals Department, Pushkin
Отдел Коллекция Проекты Научная работа отдела Библиотека События Партнеры Меценаты

Exhibition "Signs of primary milestones. Masterpieces from the collection of the Coins and Medals Department of the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts" in the Khabarovsk Regional Museum named after N.I. Grodekov

21.05.2021

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Since the opening of the Trans-Siberian Railway have passed more than a hundred years. Now we consider this Railway as something customary, however the first engineers and road builders had to struggle with the harsh Far Eastern nature and accomplish feats, becoming pioneers.

The exhibition presents coronation medals and tokens, which symbolize the main milestones in the history of the region and the entire country, as well as medals in honor of the discoverers and explorers: Ivan Fedorovich Kruzenshtern (1770–1846), the first Russian citizen who traveled around the globe, and the explorers of the Far East in 1850–1860s: the scientist and traveler Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalsky (1839–1888) and the Adjutant General Nikolai Matveyevich Chikhachev (1830–1917), who was the closest associate of Admiral Gennady Ivanovich Nevelskoy (1813–1876).

Among the most important pieces is a medal in honor of Count Nikolai Pavlovich Ignatiev (1832–1908). It was he who, in 1860, signed the Peking Treaty, which secured the territories of the Amur and Primorye Territories to Russia.

The exhibits also reveal the history of the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway. These are medals, badges and tokens dedicated to the anniversaries of the ministries and educational institutions involved in this construction as well as medals in honor of Russian statesmen. In the center of the exposition are samples of the jewelry art of imperial Russia: gold and silver signed tokens of railway engineers, received by them in memory of the completion of work. In addition, visitors to the exhibition will see award medals and badges for participation in the suppression of the Yihetuan Movement in the North and North-East China (1899–1901); for participation in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905) and the defense of the fortress of Port Arthur. The medals and badges of philanthropy organizations, as well as special badges awarded for the fight against of the plague are dated to the same period. Rare pieces of the period of the Civil War in Russia are of special interest: one can see the medal of the Zemsky Sobor of Amur region, the badge of the Special Manchurian Unit of Ataman G.M. Semyonov and others.

Most of the exhibits origin from the collection of Dmitry Mikhailovich Melnikov (1864–1949), which included a significant complex of pieces related to the Chinese Eastern Railway, China and the Far East. The collector himself was native of the Trans-Baikal Territory, but spent most of his life in the Chinese city of Hankou (now a district of the Wuhan city). He donated his collection of numismatics and Chinese art to the USSR. In 1951, coins, medals and badges from this collection were conveyed to the Pushkin Museum. In 2021, we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the acquisition of Melnikov's numismatic collection by the Museum.

The exposition is supplemented with photographs from the collection of the Khabarovsk Regional Museum named after N.I. Grodekov, the Museum of the History of the Far Eastern Railway, the State Archives of the Khabarovsk Territory and the Far Eastern State Scientific Library. The photographs were taken at the late 19th and early 20th centuries at the construction site of the Trans-Siberian Railway, many of them are on display for the first time.

Information about the exhibition on the web-site of the Khabarovsk Regional Museum named after N.I. Grodekov

Opening of the exhibition

Opening of the exhibition   Opening of the exhibition

Opening of the exhibition